Regional

Road crashes: 734 persons killed in 1st Quarter

Latest statistics on Ghana’s road traffic crashes indicate that a total of 734 persons were killed between January to March 2022.

At least 4,025 persons sustained various degrees of injuries, while 712 Pedestrians were knocked down in the same period.

A total of 3,932 crashes were reported involving 6,587 Vehicles.

General Overview
Table 1: Summary of RTC and Casualty Situation – (January to March 2022)

January to March 2022 January to March 2021 Change
(Compared to 2021)
Cases Reported 3,932 4009 (1.92)
Vehicles Involved 6,587 6830 (3.56)
Persons Killed 734 771 (4.80)
Persons Injured 4,025 4200 (4.17)
Pedestrians Knockdown 712 724 (1.66)

Figure 1: Summary of Crashes and Casualty Situation from January to March 2022.

Comparing the period of January to March 2022 to the same period last year, there have been decreases in the number of cases reported (–1.92%), vehicles involved (-3.52%), Pedestrians knocked down (-1.66%), number of persons killed (-4.80%) and persons injured (-4.17%).

Vehicles Involved
For vehicles involved, the categories are presented in Table 2 and Figure 2 below:

Table 2: Categories of Vehicles Involved in Crashes

Category January to March 2022 Proportion of Vehicles involved in crashes January to March 2021 Proportion of Vehicles involved in crashes % Change based on 2021
Commercial 2,210 33.55 2,476 36.25 (10.74)
Private 2,948 44.75 2,771 40.57 6.39
Motorcycle 1,429 21.69 1,583 23.18 (9.73)
Total 6,587 6,830

Figure 2: Categories of Vehicles Involved.

The number of vehicles involved in crashes from January to March 2022 compared to the same period in 2021 is shown in Figure 3 below:

Figure 3: Categories of Vehicles Involved in Crashes from January to March 2022 compared to January to March 2021.

Figure 3 above shows that the proportions of vehicles involved in crashes for Commercial Vehicles and motorcycle categorised decreased by (-10.74%) and (-9.73%) respectively and that of Private Vehicles increased by 6.39% as compared to the same period last year (2021).

  1. Category of Motorcycle/Tricycle Involved in Crashes

Analysis on the categories of vehicles involved in crashes shows that motorcycles (Two/Three wheelers) constituted the least (20.50%) of all vehicles involved. This notwithstanding, the share of motorbike/motorcycle crashes is alarming taking into consideration the population of motorcycles (two/three-wheelers) of the total vehicle population.

Table 3 below presents a breakdown of types of Motorcycles/Tricycles involved in crashes

Table 3: Category of Motorcycle/Tricycle Involved in Crashes

Category of Motorcycles involved in Crashes January to March 2022 Proportion of Cycles involved in crashes January to March 2021 Proportion of Cycles involved in crashes % Change based on 2021
2022 2021
Motorcycles 1,057 73.97 1,227 77.51 (13.85)
Bicycles 50 3.50 39 2.46 28.21
Handcarts 29 2.03 9 0.57 222.22
Tricycles 293 20.50 308 19.46 (4.87)
Total 1,429 100 1,583 100

Table 3 above indicates that there was a general reduction of 9.73% in crash involvement for all types of motorcycles. However, only motorbikes constituted 73.97% of crashes involving all categories of motorcycles whilst tricycles contributed 20.50%. As compared to the same period in 2021, the share of motorbike involvement in crashes decreased by 13.85%.

Figure 4: Category of Motorcycles/Tricycles Involved in Crashes

Regional Distribution of Crashes and Fatalities
The distribution of crashes and fatalities across the various regions is presented in Tables 4 and 5 below. Further illustration is given in Figures 5 and 6 below.

Table 4: Regional Distribution of Cases Reported (January to March 2022).

CRASHES
REGION ABSOLUTE %
Greater Accra 1661 42.24
Ashanti 918 23.35
Eastern 452 11.50
Central 242 6.15
Western 177 4.50
Volta 97 2.47
West North 70 1.78
Northern 55 1.40
Bono East 54 1.37
Ahafo 41 1.04
Upper East 38 0.97
Upper West 34 0.86
Bono 33 0.84
Savannah 30 0.76
North East 17 0.43
Oti 13 0.33
TOTAL 3932

Figure 5: Regional Distribution of Crashes

Table 5: Regional Distribution of Fatalities (January to March 2022)

 FATALITIES

ABSOLUTE %
Greater Accra 139 18.94
Ashanti Region 137 18.66
Eastern 136 18.53
Central 59 8.04
Western North 38 5.18
Volta 35 4.77
Northern 34 4.63
Western 31 4.22
Bono East 25 3.41
Bono 21 2.86
Ahafo 20 2.72
Savannah 17 2.32
Upper West 15 2.04
Upper East 10 1.36
Oti 10 1.36
North East 7 0.95
TOTAL 734

Figure 6: Regional Distribution of Fatalities.

The regional distribution of crashes and fatalities in Figures 5 and 6 respectively, indicate that the Greater Accra Region, Ashanti and Eastern regions contributed about 77.09% of crashes and 56.13% of fatalities in January and March 2022 respectively. This trend has not changed from the past trend in which these three regions together constitute the major/highest contributors of crashes and fatalities in Ghana.

Distribution of Fatalities by Sex and Age
The distribution of fatalities by sex and age is shown in Figures 7and 8below respectively

Figures 7: Distribution of Fatalities by Gender

From Figure7above, it is observed that male fatalities have outstripped the female fatalities by an approximate ratio of(3.9: 1), implying that male fatalities are highly over-represented (almost 4 times) in road traffic fatalities. This trend has not changed as compared to previous years.

Figure 8: Distribution of Fatalities by Age

The adult age-group (above 18 years)was the most represented in the fatality statistics constituting 87% of fatalities as compared to 13% for children. Putting the riskiest age-group and sex together, the picture implies that more adult males are dying than their female counterparts. This further points to the understanding that male casualties are more likely to have fatal outcomes than female casualties.

Source: Kasapafmonline.com

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