Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un have become the first sitting US president and North Korean leader to meet, an unprecedented development after a year of exchanging threats.
The pair shook hands at a luxury hotel in Singapore’s Sentosa island after months of diplomatic twists and turns.
They are now set to discuss defusing tensions and nuclear disarmament.
Analysts are split on what it will achieve. Some see it as propaganda win for Mr Kim, others a path to peace.
The two men walked towards each other and firmly gripped each other’s hands in front of US and North Korean flags.
In brief initial comments in front of the press, the US president predicted a “terrific relationship” with Mr Kim.
“I feel really great. We’re going to have a great discussion and will be tremendously successful,” the US president said.
Sitting alongside each other, the pair appeared relaxed, against the odds.
“It was not easy to get here….There were obstacles but we overcame them to be here,” Mr Kim said.
The leaders have finished a one-to-one meeting, with translators, and are now in a group working lunch.
The talks – unimaginable just a few months ago – will focus on North Korea’s controversial nuclear programme.
Why is this remarkable?
For decades, North Korea has been a pariah state, and now its latest hereditary leader is being treated as a world statesman.
Last year, it would have been a rare sight to see a North Korean flag flying anywhere in Asia.
Now, Mr Kim – who runs a totalitarian regime with extreme censorship and forced-labour camps – is meeting and greeting dignitaries.
What are the talks about?
The US wants North Korea to get rid of its nuclear weapons in an irreversible manner that can be verified by the international community.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the US would only accept “complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearisation” – but would offer “unique” security guarantees.
But analysts question why Mr Kim would give up his nuclear weapons after pushing so hard to get them. They also say by winning the prestige of a meeting with the world’s most powerful leader, Mr Kim has already gained a victory.
A formal end to the Korean war may also be discussed. The 1950-53 conflict ended with a truce, not a final peace treaty. Mr Trump says signing a peace agreement would probably be “the easy part”.